Publication Ethics


Authors who wish to include previously published figures, tables, or text in their papers must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both print and online formats. They are also required to provide evidence of such permission when submitting their papers. Failure to provide evidence will result in the assumption that the material originates from the authors.


The publisher and editorial board of GJSR make every effort to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the content. However, they want to clarify that the data and opinions presented in the articles are the sole responsibility of the respective authors. Therefore, the publisher and editorial board do not accept any liability for the consequences of any inaccurate or misleading data or statements, whether intentional or unintentional.

 Types of Articles: GJSR aims to publish research of significant importance in the following formats:

  1. Original articles: In-depth research articles covering various scientific disciplines.
  2. Short communications: Manuscripts of significant importance, but not substantial enough for a full-length paper. These should have a maximum of 6 figures and tables and be around 3,000 words in length.
  3. Review articles: Comprehensive articles with up-to-date references, typically consisting of less than 10,000 words. They may include structured abstracts and can include meta-analyses. The teaching value of review papers is given special consideration.
  4. Mini reviews: Concise and focused reviews on important and recent topics, limited to 5,000 words.
  5. Special reports: Papers that provide a systematic, critical, and current overview of literature related to research or clinical topics.

Before You Begin

Ethics in publishing

Please see our information on Ethics in publishing.

Ethical Approval

Research studies involving patients or volunteers must obtain approval from an Ethics Committee. Additionally, if applicable, written informed consent from the patients should be obtained and documented in the Methods section of the paper, along with the approval number. In cases where a study was not required to undergo Ethics Committee, a statement explaining the exemption should be included. The Editors retain the right to reject publications that lack the necessary ethical approval or patient consent as required.

Studies in humans and animals

If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans. The manuscript should be in line with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals and aim for the inclusion of representative human populations (sex, age and ethnicity) as per those recommendations. The terms sex and gender should be used correctly.

Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Research Council's Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed. The sex of animals must be indicated, and where appropriate, the influence (or association) of sex on the results of the study.

Human and Animal Rights

The editors of GJSR fully support the principles outlined in the revised Declaration of Helsinki (2008) adopted at the 59th WMA General Assembly in Seoul, Republic of Korea. It is expected that all research involving human subjects adheres to these principles. Furthermore, for studies involving animal experimentation, investigators are expected to comply with the Interdisciplinary Principles and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research, Testing, and Education provided by the New York Academy of Sciences Adhoc Committee on Animal Research. Approval from the investigator's Institutional Review Board is mandatory for both human and animal studies.

For studies involving human subjects, please download the letter below.

For studies involving animals (fisheries), please download the letter below.

For studies that do not involve human or animal subjects (Basic sciences), please download the letter below.

Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest may arise when an author or their institution has financial or other affiliations that could potentially influence their work inappropriately. Such conflicts can be actual or potential, and it is important for authors to disclose any relationships that could be seen as potential conflicts of interest when submitting their manuscripts. The journal considers this information during the editorial process and may publish these disclosures if they are deemed important for readers to assess the manuscript. Authors are required to upload the "Conflict of interests" declaration among the submitted files on Editorial Manager. Please download and sign the statement from below.

Declaration of Generative AI in Scientific Writing

The following guidance pertains to the use of generative artificial intelligence (AI) and AI-assisted technologies in the writing process. Authors should only use these technologies to enhance readability and language, exercising human oversight and control. It is crucial for authors to thoroughly review and edit the output of AI-generated content, as it can potentially contain inaccuracies, omissions, or biases despite sounding authoritative. AI and AI-assisted technologies should not be credited as authors or co-authors, nor should they be cited as such. Authors must disclose the use of AI and AI-assisted technologies in the writing process by including a statement in their manuscript.

Submission Declaration and Verification

By submitting an article, authors confirm that the work has not been previously published, except in the form of an academic thesis. They also affirm that the work is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and has received approval from all authors and the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was conducted. If accepted, the article will not be published in the same form, including electronic formats, without the written consent of the copyright holder.

Author Contributions

To ensure transparency, authors are encouraged to submit an author statement file outlining their individual contributions to the paper using the relevant CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy) roles. These roles include Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Software, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing - original draft, and Writing - review & editing. Authorship statements should be formatted with the names of authors first, followed by their respective CRediT role(s).

Changes to Authorship

Once a paper is accepted, requests for changes in authorship are not permitted. If any changes need to be made, the author must withdraw the paper and resubmit it with the new author details in the Editorial System.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be required to complete a 'Copyright Transfer Agreement.' Accepting this agreement ensures the broadest possible dissemination of information. Subscribers are allowed to reproduce tables of content or create lists of articles with abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Resale or distribution outside the institution, as well as derivative works such as compilations and translations, require permission from the Faculty of Science, Cairo University.

 Role of the Funding Source

The source(s) of funding for the study, each author, and manuscript preparation should be listed in the acknowledgements section. Financial and other material support should be disclosed and acknowledged.